Civil Engineering is an engineering discipline that deals with the design, construction and maintenance of buildings, dams, bridges, roads, canals, etc. Civil engineers can be considered as the engines of infrastructure development. Civil engineers are employed by both government and private agencies and with the renewed thrust in infrastructure development in India, this field has thrown up a lot more opportunities despite the software and electronics boom in the country. Whether it is the construction of large residential complexes and shopping malls or the construction of sewage systems, civil engineers play a most important role.
Civil engineering graduates can specialize in any of the fields such as coastal engineering, materials and science engineering, construction engineering, environmental engineering, earthquake engineering, geotechnical engineering, structural engineering and water resource engineering.
Eligibility criteria and admission process
The student must pass the intermediate examination with PCM and must obtain at least 50% marks in the qualifying exam. This can vary because many institutes fix the minimum marks according to their own policies. Admission to various disciplines of engineering including civil engineering is done on the basis of an All India Examination or individual entrance exams conducted by some universities.
Students can also opt for Direct Admission in Civil Engineering offered by many private engineering colleges in the country. The direct admissions are offered on the basis of marks obtained in the class 12th examination or due to the availability of management quota seats that are reserved by the college. Management quota seats are much more expensive than the seats on which the admissions are made on the basis of an entrance examination. Many colleges also offer direct admissions in second year of the course to ITI diploma holders. Direct Admission in Civil Engineering is also provided by many institutes on the basis of an NRI quota.
Some colleges offering direct admission in Civil Engineering
St Andrews Institute Technology and Management, Gurgaon offers Direct Admission in Civil Engineering through its management quota seats and institute stage vacant seats. Sharda University offers direct admission in its various undergraduate engineering programs including civil engineering. This is a private university located at Noida. The fees charged by the university is Rs 1,50,000 per year. BM Group of Institutions offers direct admission in civil engineering course. It is located at Haryana and is affiliated to Maharshi Dayanand University. The annual course fee is Rs 80,000.
DIT University in Dehradun offers direct admission to state board toppers, NRIs and industry sponsored candidates. The minimum eligibility is 60% marks or more in PCM and English and 65% or more in the total aggregate.
Direct admission in the second year of an engineering course is referred to as Lateral Entry. A candidate applying for a lateral entry must have completed a diploma course in the same branch in which they are applying for admission into a B.Tech course. Therefore, students who want admission directly in the second year of a civil engineering course must first obtain a diploma in civil engineering from any college in the country.